The Embassy of Good Science

Four Quadrant Approach (4QA), Adaptation for the analysis of research ethics and integrity cases

This structure helps to conduct a systematic analyisis, but is not suffcient to decide the issue. Intangibles often exist which such a structure cannopt always take into account.

The three stages are, in my opinion, a bit repetitive and seem not to build on each other. In general they seem suitable to guide reflection on an case but not to facilitate in depth analysis and decision making.